Volume 6, No. 1, January 2005


Rallies to Celebrate the Formation of CPI (Maoist)

Brutally Attacked by the Police



The rally and public meeting at Patna to be organized by the Solidarity Committee for the Unity of Peoples Struggles on 5th December was brutally attacked by the police. The rally was intended to celebrate the unity of the CPI (ML) Peoples War and the Maoist Communist Centre of India. Even though the police had given permission for the rally and public meeting yet it was disrupted by the police on the penultimate day. Perhaps, it is for the first time since the Arwal carnage of 1986 that all the districts of the whole of Bihar and Jharkhand region were sealed and the people assaulted in every city and town to stop them from attending the programme.

The people were so much inspired by the call to celebrate the unity of the revolutionary forces that hundreds of thousands were coming forward to participate in it. The state of Bihar was so scared by this mobilization taking place that it decided to swoop down on the rallyists a day before. About ten thousand people, including women and children, who had assembled at the Gandhi Maidan on the evening of 4th December were surrounded by the police forces during the night and were brutally cane charged. Dozens of activists and participants were injured in the sudden attack by the police. One person named Jeetan Marandi, an activist of the Jharkhand Cultural team, got severe head injuries and was hospitalized along with many others. The police also uprooted the dais, public address system, and tents showing its condemnable anti-people behaviour and violating its own commitment to allow the programme which was to be held in a peaceful manner.

It was already in the knowledge of the media and the police and civil administration that the campaign to organize this programme was going on for the last fifteen days from a place called Eastern Bhikha Chakk. Nothing was illegal or secret about the programme.

This place and another camp where the revolutionary activists were staying were also attacked and the activists were arrested and beaten up. The police swoop down not only happened in the capital city of Patna but also throughout the states of Bihar and Jharkhand simultaneously. This also happened in Bihar’s Aurangabad, Jehanabad, Sasaram, Gaya, Arwal, Kizar, Bihta, Maner, Dulhan Bazaar, Masaudi, Beguserai, Khagria, Motihari, Champaran, Dharbhanga, Hajipur, and in Jharkhand, Garhwa, Daltonganj, Barwadih, Girdih, Gumla, Lohardaga, Bokaro, Ranchi, Latehar, Dhanbad, Hazaribagh, Chatra etc. dragging the people out of hundreds of trains, buses and trucks, and beating them mercilessly. Not that the governments of the two states collaborated in this evil design, the orders were in fact given by the centre after a meeting of ministers and top police officials from thirteen states of the country in Delhi.

The upsurge and enthusiasm among the people was so great that the authorities in both the states had to resort to evil methods to terrorize the people. Wherever the people were stopped they organized pickets and sit-ins on the roads, started cultural programmes, made speeches and raised slogans celebrating the coming into being of CPI (Maoist). Even the compound of the Bankepur Camp jail was turned into a place for celebration and the prisoners held a vast meeting there.

The arrested include the revolutionary activists and leaders like Raj Kishor, Tara Singh, Ramadhar Singh, Aarti Prasad and others. On the whole, 180 people were arrested and 23 of them were slapped with the 17th, Criminal Law Amendment. This act came into existence in 1908 to be used against the Congress to declare its meetings as unlawful. This law could also charge the arrested with sedition. The British period act still continues and is used now to contain the revolutionary activism of the masses. It is a strange twist of justice that the rally for which permission was granted earlier was to be declared unlawful by the state itself trampling upon the fundamental right to protest..

Here it is important to note that large scale arrests were also carried out by the Delhi police on November 25. More than fifteen hundred people were arrested or detained to prevent the people from carrying out a demonstration and a public meeting in support of the revolutionary struggles going on in the country. Though the arrested people were released in the evening yet it showed that the act to disallow the people freedom of expression was an infringement on their fundamental right of expression. The whole area around the Red Fort and Firoze Shah Kotla Grounds was turned into a huge police garrison. It looked as if the police feared an onslaught on the capital.

The stopping of revolutionaries from holding a peaceful meeting was a political decision taken by the police top brass to prevent the spread of revolutionary and democratic ideas among the people. Yet the efforts of the police proved unsuccessful as it failed to dampen the spirit of the rallyists who remained steadfast even in the police stations.

Thousands of people saw with their own eyes peaceful people being arrested and forced into vehicles for taking them to various police stations of the state. What was not allowed in the public view was carried out within the walls of the police stations where revolutionary speeches, dramas and songs were staged.

The vast yard of the police lines of Maurice Nagar swarmed with a sea of red flags, banners and mottos. Sky renting slogans hailing the formation of Communist Party of India (Maoist) reverberated in the whole air in side the police compounds. The prisoners hailed the ongoing revolution in Nepal and condemned the widespread police repression on the revolutionary and nationality and national liberation movements going on in India. A message by the revolutionary poet Varvara Rao was read out hailing the unity of the revolutionary movements and coming into being of the communist party of India (Maoist). In a way, the police act of highhandedness was turned into its opposite by the enthusiastic revolutionary masses. The whole episode became an inspiring experience for them.

The people who had been detained also included 250 Nepali comrades who had come from various parts of North India. The arrested included Varvara Rao, Raj Kishor, Hari Singh "Tarq", Sukhwinder Kaur, and Tara Singh. Here too the camp where the volunteers had been camping for the last eight days was surrounded by the police and they were banned from going outside for the whole day on November 25.

The Solidarity Committee decided to take the ban orders on the processions and public meetings to the court of the people to expose the denial of democratic right of freedom of expression to the forces who are committed to the cause of people.

On the one hand the government of India says that Naxalism is a socio-economic problem which has to be tackled socially, economically and politically, while on the other hand, it attacks the people who support the revolutionary struggles, branding it as a law and order problem. Though it says that they should come into the mainstream and overground yet its actual attitude is to disallow any kind of legal and open opportunity to the supporters of the revolutionary movements to air their views in public. It is a gross travesty of promises, proving their falsity, and deliberate attack on the fundamental right of freedom of expression.

This exposes the undemocratic nature of the rulers which do not allow the representatives of the people’s forces to openly express their opinions in the public. But the rulers are free to carry on anti-people acts at the behests of imperialists. They freely use the state machinery against the people. So, the people are justified in questioning the ‘integrity – honesty’ of the rulers.

The people throughout Bihar and Jharkhand protested against the brutal handling of the Patna Rally by observing a black day on the international day of Democratic and Human Rights on December 10. Many public programmes and meetings were organized throughout the two states as a token of protest condemning the undemocratic and highhanded attitude of the State’s forces.

In spite of the State’s threats, aired on the radio, T V and the print media, to discourage the people from coming to the Patna Rally the people showed great enthusiasm to attend the programme and had to be stopped by the police with indiscriminate and uncalled for use of force at various places. In fact this oppression was unleashed to contain and suppress the growing influence of the revolutionary forces but the masses refuse to be cowed down by such kinds of attacks by the police and other state agencies. The people organized programmes at all the places wherever the police had stopped them and celebrated the birth of the CPI (Maoist).

Also a joint Press Statement was issued by the CPI(Maoist) and the CPI(ML) (Janashakti) hailing the formation of the new party and strongly condemning the attacks on the rallies. The statement issued on 17-12-04 said:

The Historic merger of two main revolutionary parties on September 21, by forming the CPI (Maoist) was welcomed by the Indian oppressed masses and the revolutionary masses of the world. Whereas from the Pentagon in America to South Block in India and other reactionaries, communal fascists (Sangh Parivar), social fascists (CPM), etc. started to reorganize themselves against the unity of the Maoists in India. From the Internal security adviser J.N. Dixit to the special officer of the Special cell in the PMO and the JOC, to all states police officials — issued statements condemning the Maoists particularly projecting the unity move as a great threat to Indian internal security and sub continental peace. The fascist dictators in the Indian political scenario and the Rajya Sabha, Lok Sabha members are engaged day in and day out against the CPI(Maoist) and they stalled Rajya Sabha proceedings too on 16 Dec. Why are they so afraid? The political, economic and social crisis has worsened in India and the people are rebelling against the rulers, earlier against NDA now against the UPA. The pillars of the oppressor state have started shaking — so the fear and nervousness of the ruling classes.

From November 16 to December 15 supporters, activities and friends of Indian revolution, progressive minded petty bourgeoisie who lend their voice for democracy organized open public meetings at Hyderabad, Delhi, Patna and Kolkata. These states are ruled by parties like the Congress, RJD and CPM, which have amalgamated as the UPA at the Centre, showed the same attitude to disrupt the mass meetings. All the roads were barricaded, every village was cordoned and permission was cancelled at the eleventh hour at Delhi and Patna, hundreds of people were arrested and still the combing, raids are going on to capture the supporters and friends of the Indian democratic revolution. In West Bengal hundreds of people were arrested at various stations on the pretext that they had not tickets. It is ridiculous and funny logic. Never before the Congress, CPI(M), TMC, BJP followers and even ML parties were arrested during their meetings on such a charge in Bengal. Once again it was proved that all the ruling class parties, whatever their slogans may be, in essence all are same to curb, smash the voice of protest and democracy.

We two parties are appealing to the masses of India particularly the 13 states, oppressed masses to get organized against the onslaught of the Centre and State governments. Only through struggle we will get our rights. This is the time to mobile lakhs and lakhs of people who will allow us to express our opinion openly. This is the time to unite and rebel.

CPI(Maoist) holds its first public meeting in Hyderabad braving state repression

The first public meeting declaring the formation of the new consolidated vanguard party of the Indian proletariat — the CPI(Maoist) — was successfully held in Hyderabad on 16 November, 2004 defeating all the conspiracies of the Congress government at the Centre and the state to disrupt it. The success of the meeting which drew thousands of people all across the state of AP with speakers and cultural troupes from all over the country, showed the immense support the Party enjoys among the oppressed masses of the state notwithstanding the uninterrupted brutal offensive by successive comprador big bourgeois-big landlord regimes for the past three decades.

The ruling party in AP led by YS Rajasekhara Reddy, had left no stone unturned to foil the meeting. First, it tried to prevent the organizers of the meeting from getting the grounds in Hyderabad city by threatening the owners or dissuading them. When the Nizam College grounds was finally booked by the organizers the city police commissioner refused to grant permission on the pretext that it would create a law & order problem. Earlier, it had refused permission for a rally in the streets of the city on the plea that it would disrupt the traffic. Simultaneously, the organizers had also booked the Pirzadaguda engineering college grounds in the outskirts of the city. The Cyberabad Commissioner, under whose jurisdiction the venue falls, tried to cite one pretext or the other to deny permission for the meeting until the eleventh hour. And it was only less than a day before the actual schedule, and that too after a meeting of the state cabinet, that permission was given with several restrictions. Thus, by giving permission at the eleventh hour, the rulers wanted to prevent people from other districts from reaching Hyderabad.

It was stipulated that the meeting could be held between 5-8 PM and that no provocative speeches should be made against the government and the police!! And this was not enough. The police bosses in every district ensured that people did not reach Hyderabad for the meeting. The lorry owners were warned that they would be held responsible if their vehicles were leased out for transporting people to the meeting of the Maoists. They were even asked to deposit their vehicles at the police station one day before the meeting. And, despite all these measures, when people got hold of some vehicles and were proceeding to the city, they were stopped on the way and their vehicles were seized. The entire police force in the state was instructed to treat this (preventing people from reaching Hyderabad for the meeting) as the top priority task on those two days. The success of the series of meetings of the erstwhile CPI(ML)[People’s War], which had merged with the MCCI to form the new CPI(Maoist), had shaken the comprador ruling classes and their imperialist mentors so much that they unable to bear the spectre of a sea of red flags in their high-tech city that is being sold out for a song to the business vultures.

The demand of the Maoists in the first round of talks with the state government to confiscate the illegally acquired lands in Hyderabad and give it to the urban poor and to hold an enquiry into all the land deals made under the TDP regime, had unnerved the big business houses, imperialist MNCs, big bureaucrats and police officials, political leaders and other mafia gangsters, who had amassed thousands of crores through landgrabbing.(see the last issue of People’s March for details). The formation of the CPI(Maoist) and the merger of the two guerilla armies into the PLGA had caused panic in the minds of the rulers. Thus even peaceful rallies and meetings by the Maoists are sought to be banned or obstructed lest the new Party be seen as the revolutionary alternative by the masses of the country who are vexed by the stinking parliamentary system and the parties that represent it.

The dreams of the rulers were shattered as people thronged to the meeting venue using creative methods to circumvent the police obstruction. Several state road transport buses were used which came to the venue under the unsuspecting eyes of the police. People came to the venue without displaying banners and flags lest they be stopped by the police who were posted at all important points leading to the city. The meeting lasted till 10 PM defying the condition that it should be stopped at 8 PM. The police dared not attack the meeting for violating the condition fearing a backlash from the thousands present who were already infuriated by the police high-handedness.

The cultural programmes went on from 4 to 6 in the evening after which speakers from different states addressed the gathering, besides Comrades Varavara Rao, Gaddar and Kalyan Rao, the official representatives of the Party at the Talks with the state government. Comrades Raj Kishore, the secretary of the AILRC and Tara Singh of the SFPR from Punjab, spoke about the significance of the merger of CPI(ML)[PW] and MCCI for the Indian revolution and called upon the people to reject the parliamentary system and to come forward to build a mighty revolutionary movement in the country.




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