Manipur - National Liberation
and Revolutionary Struggles
Manipur was annexed by force by India in October 1949. The people of Manipur have never accepted this and revolutionary nationalist and communist movements have developed to liberate their country. Insurgencies have been underway since at least 1964, and have become more powerful since 1978. There are currently at least 34 groups demanding independence from India, with at least seven of them engaged in armed struggle. The three most prominent of these seem to be the United National Liberation Front (UNLF), the People’s Revolutionary Party of Kangleipak (PREPAK), and the People’s Liberation Army (PLA), each with thousands of active militants. The smaller Kangleipak Communist Party (KCP), part of which supported Marxism-Leninism-Maoism, split off from PREPAK in 1980.
The KCP itself split into many pieces after the death of its two most prominent founding leaders. One of these sections was the Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist), which in 2011 held its first party congress and changed its name to the Maoist Communist Party of Manipur.
Manipur is kept under virtual martial law by India. Foreigners are not allowed in this region, except for limited and restricted visits to its capital, Imphal. International human rights groups have received many serious reports of human rights violations in Manipur by the Indian Army and security forces, though they have not been allowed to visit and investigate these reports. India’s draconian “anti-terrorism” laws make prosecution of most governmental human rights violations almost impossible.
For these reasons, and because of Indian government suppression of information from Manipur, it is difficult to find materials about people’s struggles there, or documents from the groups leading such struggles. In the interests of promoting free speech, we will post such documents if we can obtain them.
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Maoist Communist Party of Manipur: Statements and Documents
[Called the Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist) until late 2011.]
- Announcing the Formation of the New People's Militia of the Maoist Communist Party of Manipur, Internet posting by Comrade Sharad of the MCPM, Sept. 21, 2012, 2 pages. PDF Version (91 KB) MS Word Version (31 KB)
- “Maoist Communist Party, Manipur: Program”, adopted by the Central Committee at the first party conference, apparently sometime late in 2011. 57 pages. PDF Version (418 KB) MS Word Version (105 KB)
- “KCP and Communist Movement in Manipur: Maoist”, a press release by Comrade Nonglen Metei, Assistant Secretary Publicity and Propaganda, Kangleipak Communist Party (Maoist), Manipur, April 12, 2011, 1 page. This statement indicates that the KCP and the KCP (Maoist) are two separate organizations. The KCP (Maoist) may also call itself the KCP (Marxist-Leninist-Maoist), or may have done so in the past. PDF Version (134 KB) MS Word Version (144 KB)
- Press Release on Boycott of India’s Republic Day, by W. Malemnganba Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda, KCP, Jan. 25, 2011, 1 page. PDF Only (171 KB)
- “Let’s Unite the Oppressed Masses and Boycott Indian Republic Day”, statement by W. Malemnganba Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda, KCP, Dec. 24, 2010, 1 page. PDF Version (171 KB) MS Word Version (12 KB)
- “Pave the Way for a new Coordination for the Maoist Parties and Organizations of South Asia”, joint statement by the Kangleipak Communist party (KCP) Manipur and the Proletarian Party of East Bengal (Maoist Unity Group) Bangladesh, circa Nov. 28, 2010, 2 pages. PDF Version (60 KB) MS Word Version (30 KB)
- “KCP Support for the 24-Hour All India Bandh Called by the CPI (Maoist)”, statement by W. Malemnganba Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda, KCP, Nov. 3, 2010, 1 page. PDF Version (170 KB) MS Word Version (29 KB)
- “KCP Condemns Acts of Extradition from Bangladesh”, by Comrade Malemnganba Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda, KCP, Oct. 14, 2010, 1 page. PDF Version (66 KB) MS Word Version (28 KB)
- “An Open Letter to Revolutionary Parties of Southeast Asia”, by Comrade Malemnganba Meitei, Secretary, Publicity and Propaganda, KCP, Sept. 22, 2010, 6 pages. PDF Version (93 KB) MS Word Version (77 KB)
- Press Reports about the MCPM (and KCP):
- “Maoist Party Owns Up to Bomb Threat”, Hueiyen News Service, brief report, Feb. 9, 2012, 1 page. PDF Version (6 KB) MS Word Version (34 KB)
- “Maoist Communist Party Calls General Strike”, Hueiyen News Service, very brief report, Oct. 7, 2011. PDF Version (6 KB) MS Word Version (27 KB)
- “KCP General Strike Ends Peacefully; Paralyses Normal Life in State”, Imphal Free Press, Sept. 21, 2011, 2 pp. PDF Version (20 KB) MS Word Version (44 KB)
- “KCP’s Ultra-Left Turn Worries Manipur”, a news report in The Times of India, Sept. 17, 2011, 1 page. PDF Version (9 KB) MS Word Version (30 KB)
Campaign for Peace & Democracy (Manipur)
- “Condemn Manipur Governments’ attack on the Livelihood of People: Protest Displacement of Lei-Ingkhol in the name of Development”, circulated by the CPDM, May 20, 2011, 5 pages. PDF Version (230 KB) MS Word Version (134 KB)
- “Interview with CPDM Chairman Malem Ningthouja”, Tehelka, Nov. 19, 2010, 3 pages. PDF Version (142 KB) MS Word Version (48 KB)
- [Booklet:] “Armed Forces Special Powers Act, 1958: Manipur Experience”, ed. by Malem Ningthouja, 164 pages, 2010. PDF only (657 KB)
- Red Banner: Voice of Democratic Movements in South & South-east Asia
Other Organizations and Reports
- [To be added as they become available ...]
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